Canada Visa

Canada Visa

The main Canada Visa classes featured in this section are those that are available via the Canada Express Entry Program. These include:


  • Federal Skilled Worker Visa (FSW)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Visa (FST)
  • Canada Experience Class (CEC)


These visa classes are Permanent Residency Visas and can lead to full Canadian Citizenship.

Federal Skilled Worker Visa FSW

Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW)


The Federal Skilled Worker Program is Canada’s primary economic immigration program and provides the opportunity to live permanently in Canada. You can express your interest in immigrating to Canada by creating an online express entry profile.


Based on the information in your Express Entry an applicant receives a CRS score you will receive a score which indicates their position (or ranking) against other candidates. CRS scores are not fixed, and candidates can take active steps to improve their pool placements in Express Entry.


While the CRS Score for Express Entry fluctuates regularly. The Canadian Government draws candidates out of the Express Entry pool according to their economic and political requirements.


However, there is another important score which needs to be considered.


Any Invitation to Apply issued to an applicant in respect of a Federal Skilled Visa for Canada must be able to score at least 67 Points on the Federal Skills Worker Program.


The IRCC determines eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program based on its unique scorecard.


To apply for the Federal Specialist Workers Program, a potential candidate must achieve at least 67 points on the 100-point grid of the program.


Federal Skilled Worker points are calculated as follows:


Education Points for the Federal Skilled Worker Visa


Level of EducationPoints (25 max)
Doctoral (PhD) level25 points
Master’s level or professional degree. Occupation related to the degree must be:

  • NOC 2016 Skill Level A, and
  • licensed by a provincial regulatory body

Also, Degree program must be in one of the following academic disciplines: Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Dentistry, Podiatry, Optometry, Law, Chiropractic Medicine, or Pharmacy.

23 points
Two or more post-secondary credentials, one of which is a three-year or longer post-secondary credential22 points
Three-year or longer post-secondary credential21 points
Two-year post-secondary credential19 points
One-year post-secondary credential15 points
Secondary school/high school diploma5 points

Language Points for the Federal Skilled Worker Visa


ProficiencyIELTS score equivalencePoints
First Official Language
CLB Level 9 or higher

(Initial Advanced)

IELTS Listening 8 or above

IELTS Reading 7 or above

IELTS Speaking 7 or above

IELTS Writing 7 or above

6 points per ability
CLB Level 8

(Fluent Intermediate)

IELTS Listening 7.5

IELTS Reading 6.5

IELTS Speaking 6.5

IELTS Writing 6.5

5 points per ability
CLB Level 7

(Adequate Intermediate)

IELTS Listening 6

IELTS Reading 6

IELTS Speaking 6

IELTS Writing 6

4 points per ability
Below CLB Level 7Not eligible to applyNot eligible to apply
Maximum points for first official language24 points
Second Official Language
CLB 5 and above4 points for all language abilities
Maximum4 points

Work Experience Points for Federal Skilled Work Visa


Work ExperiencePoints (15 max)
1 year (at least one year of continuous work or 1,560 hours total)9 points
2-3 years11 points
4-5 years13 points
6 years or more15 points

Age Points for Federal Skilled Worker Visa


Age of ApplicantPoints (12 max)
18 to 3512 points
3611 points
3710 points
389 points
398 points
407 points
416 points
425 points
434 points
443 points
452 points
461 points
47 and over0 points

Arranged Employment in Canada


If the applicant is currently working in Canada on a work permit,and
  • The work permit is valid both when applying and when the permanent resident visa is issued (or the applicant is allowed to work in Canada without a work permit when his or her visa is issued).
  • The work permit is based on a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada in an occupation listed under skill type 0 or skill level A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC).
  • The applicant is working for an employer named on his or her work permit.
  • That employer has made a valid job offer based on the applicant being accepted as a skilled worker.
If the applicant is currently working in Canada in a job that is LMIA-exempt because of the following:

  • an international agreement (such as, the North American Free Trade Agreement) or
  • significant benefit to Canadian interests or
  • a federal-provincial agreement
  • The work permit is valid both when applying and when the permanent resident visa is issued (or the applicant is allowed to work in Canada without a permit when the permanent resident visa is issued).
  • The applicant’s current employer has made a valid job offer based on the applicant being accepted as a skilled worker.
  • The applicant is currently working for the employer specified on his or her work permit.
  • The applicant has been working for that employer for at least 1 year, continuous full-time or part-time equivalent.
If the applicant does not hold a valid work permit and is not authorized to work in Canada.and
  • A prospective employer has made a valid permanent, full-time skilled job offer to the applicant; and
  • The offer of employment has received a positive LMIA
If the applicant holds a valid work permit or is otherwise authorized to work in Canada without a work permitand
  • The applicant is currently working in Canada in a job that is LMIA-exempt, but is not under an international, federal-provincial agreement or because of significant benefit to Canadian interests; and
  • A prospective employer other than the one the applicant is currently working for has a positive LMIA and has made a a valid job offer to the applicant based on that LMIA and on the applicant being accepted as a skilled worker.

Adaptability Points for Federal Skills Visa Applications


AdaptabilityPoints (10 max)
Principal applicant’s previous work in Canada (minimum one (1) year of full-time work in Canada in an occupation classified as Skill Type 0, A, or B of the National Occupational Classification – NOC)10 points
Principal applicant’s past studies in Canada (minimum two (2) academic years of full-time* study in an at least two year long study program at a secondary or post-secondary educational institution in Canada).5 points
Accompanying spouse/common-law partner’s past studies in Canada (minimum two (2) academic years of full-time* study in an at least two year long study program at a secondary or post-secondary educational institution in Canada).5 points
Accompanying spouse/common-law partner’s past work in Canada (minimum one (1) year of full-time work in Canada while on a valid work permit or with authorization to work)5 points
Arranged employment in Canada5 points
Principal applicant or spouse/common-law partner have a relative** in Canada. The relative must be living in Canada, 18 years or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.5 points
Accompanying spouse/common-law partner’s language ability (English and French language proficiency at CLB 4 level or above in all four language abilities). CLB Level 4 is equivalent to IELTS 4.0 in Writing, 4.5 in Listening, 3.5 in Reading and 4.0 in Speaking).5 points

The IRCC aims to process full applications for qualified workers in six (6) months or less. Find out how long your immigration application will take to process in the Canadian Immigration Processing Times tool.


The Quebec government operates its own Canada Visa immigration system, alongside the federal rapid entry system, and requires qualified workers to apply for permanent residence status or a temporary work permit. Those eligible for permanent residence in Canada under the Federal Skills Work Program (FSWP) must intend to live in the province of Quebec.

Canada Federal Skilled Worker Canada Visa Application Fees

Application FeeCAD
Principal applicant ($825 processing fee + $500 right of permanent residence fee)$1,325
Spouse or common-law partner ($825 processing fee + $500 right of permanent residence fee)$1,325
A dependant child of the principal applicant who is under 22 and is not a spouse or common-law partner, or is 22 or older who has been unable to be financially self-supporting since before the age of 22, due to a physical or mental condition$225 per child

Federal Skilled Visa Occupations List

The following Occupations are eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Permanent Residency Canada Visa provided they have the required CRS Points and at least 67 points on the FSW Points grid.


Federal Skilled Worker Occupation List


  1. 0011 Legislators Canada visa
  2. 0012 Senior government managers and officials
  3. 0013 Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services
  4. 0014 Senior managers – health, education, social and community services and membership organizations
  5. 0015 Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.
  6. 0016 Senior managers – construction, transportation, production and utilities
  7. 0111 Financial managers Canada visa
  8. 0112 Human resources managers Canada visa
  9. 0113 Purchasing managers
  10. 0114 Other administrative services managers
  11. 0121 Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers
  12. 0122 Banking, credit and other investment managers
  13. 0124 Advertising, marketing and public relations managers
  14. 0125 Other business services managers Canada visa
  15. 0131 Telecommunication carriers managers
  16. 0132 Postal and courier services managers
  17. 0211 Engineering managers Canada visa
  18. 0212 Architecture and science managers
  19. 0213 Computer and information systems managers
  20. 0311 Managers in health care Canada visa
  21. 0411 Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration
  22. 0412 Government managers – economic analysis, policy development and program administration
  23. 0413 Government managers – education policy development and program administration
  24. 0414 Other managers in public administration
  25. 0421 Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training
  26. 0422 School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education Canada visa
  27. 0423 Managers in social, community and correctional services
  28. 0431 Commissioned police officers visas to Canada
  29. 0432 Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers Canada visa
  30. 0433 Commissioned officers of the Canadian Forces
  31. 0511 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers
  32. 0512 Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
  33. 0513 Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors
  34. 0601 Corporate sales managers Canada visa
  35. 0621 Retail and wholesale trade managers
  36. 0631 Restaurant and food service managers
  37. 0632 Accommodation service managers Canada visa
  38. 0651 Managers in customer and personal services.
  39. 0711 Construction managers Canada visa
  40. 0712 Home building and renovation managers
  41. 0714 Facility operation and maintenance managers
  42. 0731 Managers in transportation Canada visa
  43. 0811 Managers in natural resources production and fishing
  44. 0821 Managers in agriculture Canada visa
  45. 0822 Managers in horticulture Canada visa
  46. 0823 Managers in aquaculture Canada visa
  47. 0911 Manufacturing managers Canada visa
  48. 0912 Utilities managers
  49. 1111 Financial auditors and accountants Canada visa
  50. 1112 Financial and investment analysts Canada visa
  51. 1113 Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers
  52. 1114 Other financial officers
  53. 1121 Human resources professionals Canada visa
  54. 1122 Professional occupations in business management consulting
  55. 1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations
  56. 1211 Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers
  57. 1212 Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers
  58. 1213 Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers Canada visa
  59. 1214 Supervisors, mail and message distribution occupations
  60. 1215 Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
  61. 1221 Administrative officers Canada visa
  62. 1222 Executive assistants
  63. 1223 Human resources and recruitment officers
  64. 1224 Property administrators Canada visa
  65. 1225 Purchasing agents and officers
  66. 1226 Conference and event planners
  67. 1227 Court officers and justices of the peace
  68. 1228 Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers Canada visa
  69. 1241 Administrative assistants
  70. 1242 Legal administrative assistants
  71. 1243 Medical administrative assistants
  72. 1251 Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations
  73. 1252 Health information management occupations
  74. 1253 Records management technicians
  75. 1254 Statistical officers and related research support occupations
  76. 1311 Accounting technicians and bookkeepers
  77. 1312 Insurance adjusters and claims examiners
  78. 1313 Insurance underwriters Canada visa
  79. 1314 Assessors, valuators and appraisers
  80. 1315 Customs, ship and other brokers
  81. 2111 Physicists and astronomers
  82. 2112 Chemists
  83. 2113 Geoscientists and oceanographers
  84. 2114 Meteorologists and climatologists
  85. 2115 Other professional occupations in physical sciences
  86. 2121 Biologists and related scientists
  87. 2122 Forestry professionals
  88. 2123 Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists
  89. 2131 Civil engineers visa to Canada
  90. 2132 Mechanical engineers
  91. 2133 Electrical and electronics engineers
  92. 2134 Chemical engineers visa to Canada
  93. 2141 Industrial and manufacturing engineers
  94. 2142 Metallurgical and materials engineers
  95. 2143 Mining engineers into Canada
  96. 2144 Geological engineers
  97. 2145 Petroleum engineers
  98. 2146 Aerospace engineers Canada visa
  99. 2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
  100. 2148 Other professional engineers, n.e.c.
  101. 2151 Architects Canada visa
  102. 2152 Landscape architects
  103. 2153 Urban and land use planners
  104. 2154 Land surveyors
  105. 2161 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries
  106. 2171 Information systems analysts and consultants
  107. 2172 Database analysts and data administrators
  108. 2173 Software engineers and designers
  109. 2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers
  110. 2175 Web designers and developers
  111. 2211 Chemical technologists and technicians
  112. 2212 Geological and mineral technologists and technicians
  113. 2221 Biological technologists and technicians
  114. 2222 Agricultural and fish products inspectors
  115. 2223 Forestry technologists and technicians
  116. 2224 Conservation and fishery officers
  117. 2225 Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists
  118. 2231 Civil engineering technologists and technicians
  119. 2232 Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians
  120. 2233 Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians
  121. 2234 Construction estimators Canada visa
  122. 2241 Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians
  123. 2242 Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)
  124. 2243 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
  125. 2244 Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors
  126. 2251 Architectural technologists and technicians
  127. 2252 Industrial designers
  128. 2253 Drafting technologists and technicians
  129. 2254 Land survey technologists and technicians
  130. 2255 Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology
  131. 2261 Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians
  132. 2262 Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers
  133. 2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety
  134. 2264 Construction inspectors Canada visa
  135. 2271 Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors
  136. 2272 Air traffic controllers and related occupations
  137. 2273 Deck officers, water transport
  138. 2274 Engineer officers, water transport
  139. 2275 Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators
  140. 2281 Computer network technicians
  141. 2282 User support technicians
  142. 2283 Information systems testing technicians
  143. 3011 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
  144. 3012 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
  145. 3111 Specialist physicians
  146. 3112 General practitioners and family physicians
  147. 3113 Dentists
  148. 3114 Veterinarians
  149. 3121 Optometrists
  150. 3122 Chiropractors
  151. 3124 Allied primary health practitioners
  152. 3125 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
  153. 3131 Pharmacists
  154. 3132 Dietitians and nutritionists
  155. 3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
  156. 3142 Physiotherapists
  157. 3143 Occupational therapists
  158. 3144 Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
  159. 3211 Medical laboratory technologists
  160. 3212 Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
  161. 3213 Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
  162. 3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
  163. 3215 Medical radiation technologists
  164. 3216 Medical sonographers
  165. 3217 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.
  166. 3219 Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
  167. 3221 Denturists
  168. 3222 Dental hygienists and dental therapists
  169. 3223 Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants
  170. 3231 Opticians
  171. 3232 Practitioners of natural healing
  172. 3233 Licensed practical nurses
  173. 3234 Paramedical occupations
  174. 3236 Massage therapists
  175. 3237 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
  176. 4011 University professors and lecturers
  177. 4012 Post-secondary teaching and research assistants
  178. 4021 College and other vocational instructors
  179. 4031 Secondary school teachers
  180. 4032 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers
  181. 4033 Educational counsellors
  182. 4111 Judges
  183. 4112 Lawyers and Quebec notaries
  184. 4151 Psychologists
  185. 4152 Social workers
  186. 4153 Family, marriage and other related counsellors
  187. 4154 Professional occupations in religion
  188. 4155 Probation and parole officers and related occupations
  189. 4156 Employment counsellors
  190. 4161 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers
  191. 4162 Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts
  192. 4163 Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants
  193. 4164 Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers
  194. 4165 Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers
  195. 4166 Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers
  196. 4167 Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers
  197. 4168 Program officers unique to government
  198. 4169 Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.
  199. 4211 Paralegal and related occupations
  200. 4212 Social and community service workers
  201. 4214 Early childhood educators and assistants
  202. 4215 Instructors of persons with disabilities
  203. 4216 Other instructors
  204. 4217 Other religious occupations
  205. 4311 Police officers (except commissioned)
  206. 4312 Firefighters
  207. 4313 Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Forces
  208. 5111 Librarians
  209. 5112 Conservators and curators
  210. 5113 Archivists
  211. 5121 Authors and writers
  212. 5122 Editors
  213. 5123 Journalists
  214. 5125 Translators, terminologists and interpreters
  215. 5131 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
  216. 5132 Conductors, composers and arrangers
  217. 5133 Musicians and singers
  218. 5134 Dancers
  219. 5135 Actors and comedians
  220. 5136 Painters, sculptors and other visual artists
  221. 5211 Library and public archive technicians
  222. 5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries
  223. 5221 Photographers
  224. 5222 Film and video camera operators
  225. 5223 Graphic arts technicians
  226. 5224 Broadcast technicians
  227. 5225 Audio and video recording technicians
  228. 5226 Other technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
  229. 5227 Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts
  230. 5231 Announcers and other broadcasters
  231. 5232 Other performers, n.e.c.
  232. 5241 Graphic designers Canada visa
  233. 5242 Interior designers and interior decorators
  234. 5243 Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers
  235. 5244 Artisans and craftspersons
  236. 5245 Patternmakers – textile, leather and fur products
  237. 5251 Athletes
  238. 5252 Coaches Canada visa
  239. 5253 Sports officials and referees Canada visa
  240. 5254 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness
  241. 6211 Retail sales supervisors
  242. 6221 Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade
  243. 6222 Retail and wholesale buyers
  244. 6231 Insurance agents Canada visa
  245. 6232 Real estate agents and salespersons
  246. 6235 Financial sales representatives
  247. 6311 Food service supervisors
  248. 6312 Executive housekeepers
  249. 6313 Accommodation, travel, tourism and related services supervisors
  250. 6314 Customer and information services supervisors
  251. 6315 Cleaning supervisors
  252. 6316 Other services supervisors
  253. 6321 Chefs Canada visa
  254. 6322 Cooks
  255. 6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale
  256. 6332 Bakers Canada visa
  257. 6341 Hairstylists and barbers
  258. 6342 Tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners
  259. 6343 Shoe repairers and shoemakers
  260. 6344 Jewellers, jewellery and watch repairers and related occupations
  261. 6345 Upholsterers Canada visa
  262. 6346 Funeral directors and embalmers
  263. 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
  264. 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
  265. 7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
  266. 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
  267. 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
  268. 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
  269. 7232 Tool and die makers
  270. 7233 Sheet metal workers Canada visa
  271. 7234 Boilermakers
  272. 7235 Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
  273. 7236 Ironworkers
  274. 7237 Welders Canada visa
  275. 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  276. 7242 Industrial electricians Canada visa
  277. 7243 Power system electricians Canada visa
  278. 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
  279. 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
  280. 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
  281. 7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians
  282. 7251 Plumbers Canada visa
  283. 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
  284. 7253 Gas fitters Canada visa
  285. 7271 Carpenters Canada visa
  286. 7272 Cabinetmakers Canada visa
  287. 7281 Bricklayers Canada visa
  288. 7282 Concrete finishers
  289. 7283 Tile setters Canada visa
  290. 7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
  291. 7291 Roofers and shinglers
  292. 7292 Glaziers Canada visa
  293. 7293 Insulators Canada visa
  294. 7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
  295. 7295 Floor covering installers Canada visa
  296. 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
  297. 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
  298. 7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations
  299. 7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations
  300. 7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
  301. 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
  302. 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics Canada visa
  303. 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
  304. 7314 Railway Carmen/women
  305. 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
  306. 7316 Machine fitters Canada visa
  307. 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics
  308. 7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
  309. 7322 Motor vehicle body repairers Canada visa
  310. 7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
  311. 7332 Appliance servicers and repairers
  312. 7333 Electrical mechanics Canada visa
  313. 7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
  314. 7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers
  315. 7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers
  316. 7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women
  317. 7371 Crane operators Canada visa
  318. 7372 Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction
  319. 7373 Water well drillers Canada visa
  320. 7381 Printing press operators
  321. 7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.
  322. 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry
  323. 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
  324. 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services
  325. 8231 Underground production and development miners
  326. 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
  327. 8241 Logging machinery operators Canada visa
  328. 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
  329. 8261 Fishing masters and officers
  330. 8262 Fishermen/women Canada visa
  331. 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
  332. 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
  333. 9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
  334. 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
  335. 9215 Supervisors, forest products processing
  336. 9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
  337. 9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
  338. 9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing
  339. 9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing
  340. 9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
  341. 9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
  342. 9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly
  343. 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing Canada visa
  344. 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
  345. 9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators
  346. 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
  347. 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators Canada visa

Federal Skilled Trades Visa

Federal Skilled Trades has no minimum education requirement. FST Canada Visa candidates must have at least 2 years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade occupation.


Federal Skilled Trades applicants are not required to do an Educational Credential Assessment.


Candidates must have either an offer of employment in their skilled trade in Canada or a certificate of qualification in their skilled trade issued by a Canadian authority such as Red Seal.


The FSTP allows persons with valid work offers and qualifications to obtain permanent residence in a Canadian province or territory (except Quebec).


Eligibility Criteria for the Federal Skilled Trades Program Canada Visa


To qualify for a Federal Skilled Trades Visa applicants must:


  • have valid job offers of full-time employment from up to two employers in Canada for at least one year OR a certificate of qualification from a provincial or territorial body
  • provide proof of language ability at Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, CLB 4 for reading and writing
  • have at least 2 years of full-time work experience in the skilled trade in the five years before applying
  • be able to demonstrate the skills and experience and that they have performed the essential duties of the occupation


What is a certificate of qualification from a provincial or territorial body


A certificate of qualification proves that a skilled trades FST applicant has the right skills, experience and qualifications to work in a skilled trade occupation in Canada.


This equivalency process is most usually undertaken by a Red Seal Challenge in the Canadian Province of Choice.


With this certificate of qualification, their foreign trades qualifications are now recognized officially in Canada.


Therefore either securing a Job Offer or making a successful Red Seal challenge will push an application through Express Entry to Invitation to Apply status.

Canada Federal Skilled Worker Visa Application Fees

Canada Visa Application FeeCAD
Principal applicant ($825 processing fee + $500 right of permanent residence fee)$1,325
Spouse or common-law partner ($825 processing fee + $500 right of permanent residence fee)$1,325
A dependant child of the principal applicant who is under 22 and is not a spouse or common-law partner, or is 22 or older who has been unable to be financially self-supporting since before the age of 22, due to a physical or mental condition$225 per child

Canada Experience Class Visa

Canadian temporary workers who wish to live permanently in Canada can attend the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).


These individuals have already settled into Canadian society, built important networks in their communities and careers, and gained valuable knowledge, skills, and experience in the fields of business, education, health, and social work.


CEC Canada Visa Candidates must meet the following requirements:


Eligible Candidates must declare their interest in immigrating to Canada, create an online profile for express entry and receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence.


  • applicants must have at least one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience in Canada within 36 months of the application date; and
  • Achieve Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5 (“initial intermediate”) or 7 (“adequate intermediate proficiency”), depending on the level of the job; and
  • Plan to live and work outside of the province of Quebec. Applicants eople who wish to live and work in the province of Quebec can apply for the Quebec Experience Class Visa.

For many international graduates, the Canadian Experience Class is the fastest and easiest way to become a permanent resident. Canadian educational institutions where they have completed their studies can allow them to remain in Canada to obtain their work permit.


Graduates who have worked in a qualified professional or technical field for at least one year may join the Express Entry Pool.

Canada Visa Processing Times

The Canadian Government undertakes to process all Canada Visa applications in Economic Migration classes in as little as six months.

Jacqueline Chow is an international immigration and visa expert with over 15 years of experience in the field. With a background in law and a passion for helping people, Jacqueline has built a reputation as a trusted and reliable source of information and advice on all aspects of immigration and visas. She has worked with clients from all over the world, including high-net-worth individuals, professionals, skilled workers and families. As a sought-after speaker and commentator Jacqueline has been featured in various media outlets and has given talks on immigration and visas at conferences and events around the world.